Understanding Domestic Worker Protections in the UAE

Last Updated on July 10, 2024 by Vadim

The UAE’s 2022 executive regulations safeguard domestic workers’ rights. These laws ensure clarity on contract terms, work nature, and compensation. But what about salary deductions? Let’s explore the rules.

When Can Employers Deduct from Salaries?

Employers may deduct wages under specific circumstances:

  1. Damage Compensation: Up to 25% of repair costs for serious mistakes or rule violations.
  2. Approval Process: Requires worker agreement or Ministry decision.
  3. Dispute Resolution: Court intervenes if disagreements persist.
  4. Debt Repayment: Maximum 25% of wage for court-ordered debts.

Salary Suspension Rules

Wages may be suspended:

  • During pretrial detention
  • In criminal cases, depending on the outcome

Key Rights for Domestic Workers

  1. Timely wage payment (within 10 days)
  2. Weekly paid rest day
  3. 12 hours daily rest (8 consecutive)
  4. 30 days paid annual leave
  5. Biennial round-trip ticket home
  6. Up to 30 days annual sick leave
  7. Right to retain passport
  8. Non-discrimination protections

Employer Obligations

Employers must:

  • Provide necessary work facilities and accommodation
  • Ensure prompt remuneration
  • Offer medical care/health insurance
  • Maintain a safe work environment
  • Compensate for work-related injuries/diseases

Dispute Resolution Process

  1. Attempt amicable resolution
  2. Refer to Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation (MOHRE)
  3. Court referral if unresolved within 2 weeks
  4. Domestic worker cases exempt from court fees

Covered Occupations

The law covers 19 roles, including:

  • Housemaid/servant
  • Nanny/babysitter
  • Cook
  • Personal/family driver
  • Private tutor
  • Home nurse
  • Gardener
  • Farm worker

Hiring Process Tips

  • Use only approved recruitment agencies
  • Check MOHRE’s list of authorized centers
  • Avoid unauthorized agencies

By understanding these rights and regulations, both employers and domestic workers can ensure fair and lawful employment relationships in the UAE.

Further Reading

If you’re interested in learning more about UAE Labor Law, here are some essential articles that cover various aspects of the topic. These resources will help you understand your rights and obligations as an employee in the UAE.

  1. UAE Non-Competition Clause: Can Your Employer Prevent You From Taking a New Job?
  2. How to Report Discrimination in UAE
  3. UAE Notice Period Rules: What to Do If You Need to Quit Immediately
  4. How to File UAE Labour Complaints Faster: MOHRE’s New Video Call Service Guide
  5. UAE Free Zone Labour Complaints: How to File in 2024
  6. Abu Dhabi Social Media Advertising Rules: New Guidelines for Influencers and Businesses
  7. UAE Summer Internship Guide for Students: Rules and Regulations [2024]
  8. UAE Labour Law: Employers Must Give 30-Day Notice Before Termination
  9. UAE Hajj Leave Guide: Eligibility and Application Process [2024]
  10. UAE Labour Law: 7 Rights When You’re Fired [2024 Guide]
  11. UAE Employee Rights: Dealing with Workplace Harassment [2024 Guide]
  12. UAE Labour Law: Do You Have to Pay Your Employer If You Resign? [2024 Guide]
  13. UAE Skilled Worker Classification: 4 Key Criteria [2024 Guide]
  14. UAE Business Age Requirements: How Old to Start a Company in 2024?
  15. Comprehensive Guide to UAE Work Permits (2024)
  16. UAE End-of-Service Dues: How to Claim Unpaid Amounts (Free Zone Guide 2024)
  17. UAE Labour Law: Understanding Your Legal Entitlements and Benefits
  18. UAE: New Labour Complaints Process (2024)
  19. UAE: Working for Two Employers Simultaneously
  20. UAE Annual Leave Entitlements: Comprehensive Guide [2024]
  21. UAE Employee Rights: Repatriation and Annual Flight Tickets Upon Resignation [2024 Guide]
  22. UAE Domestic Worker Rights and Salary Deductions: Complete Guide [2024]